A Fully Integrated Approach for Better Determination of Fracture Parameters Using Streamline Simulation; A gas condensate reservoir case study in Iran

Document Type : Original Paper


Research Institute of Petroleum Industry, Tehran, Iran


 Many large oil and gas fields in the most productive world regions happen to be fractured. The exploration and development of these reservoirs is a true challenge for many operators. These difficulties are due to uncertainties in geological fracture properties such as aperture, length, connectivity and intensity distribution. To successfully address these challenges, it is paramount to improve the approach of characterization and simulation of fractured reservoirs.
In this study, a fully integration of all available data and methods have been used for generating stochastic discrete fracture network (DFN)such as outcrop study, core description, petrophysical and image logs and also for better result validation, streamline simulation has been conducted. In this comprehensive process a real gas condensate fractured carbonate reservoir has been used.
Firstly, three main fracture sets were defined that have fold-related fractures, then the fracture intensity and DFN model using fracture drivers correlation were generated. After that, permeability of the developed DFNs was calibrated with available well test permeability. Then, a streamline simulation was used because of its high computational speed, high accuracy and good visualization for the repeated nature of history matching of a dual porosity model in the gas condensate reservoir. So, with running streamline simulation, three realizations (High, Medium and Low) ranked based on the objective function values. These three realizations are common realization that are well known with optimistic, most likely and pessimistic scenarios. Finally, comprehensive history matching was done for all the three-selected realizations.
The overall goal is to develop a representative fluid flow simulation model for improving gas cycling procedure in gas condensate reservoir. This method has great application in the high resolution fractured reservoir modeling due to using actual fracture parameters. Also, it can be used for model ranking, screening and optimum dynamic model calibration for reduction of the history matching complexity without being manipulated by reservoir engineer.     


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