In terms of publication ethics, the journal feels responsible to not only respect the rights of the author(s) but also to respect its readers. To do so, the policy of the journal is based on the codes of international publication ethics (COPE).
For all parties involved in the process of publishing a paper in Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering (JChPE) (i.e. authors, editorial board, and reviewers), it is necessary to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior. To guarantee high ethical standards, all the parties should commit to these standards.
a) International Standards for Authors:
All authors who submit a paper to JChPE are supposed to observe the international standards for authors voluntarily.
- Authors must certify that their manuscripts are their original work. Plagiarism, Duplicate, Data Fabrication and Falsification, and Redundant Publications are forbidden.
- Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published and is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.
- If the authors have used the work and/or words of others, the authors must ensure that the work and/or words of others are appropriately cited or quoted and identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscripts.
- When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor to retract or correct the paper.
- Authors must notify the journal of any conflicts of interest.
b) International Standards for Editorial Board:
Editors and Editorial Board are required to follow the international standards for Editorial Board:
- They must keep information pertaining to all submitted manuscripts confidential.
- They are responsible for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts.
- They must strive to meet the needs of readers and authors.
- They must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.
- They must strive to constantly improve their journals.
- They must maintain the integrity of the academic record.
- They must disclose any conflicts of interest and preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.
- They must always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
c) International Standards for Reviewers:
Reviewers are also expected to meet the international standards for reviewers when they accept review invitations.
- Reviewers must keep information pertaining to the manuscript confidential.
- Reviewers must bring to the attention of the Editor in Chief any information that may be a reason to reject publication of a manuscript.
- Reviewers must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.
- Reviewers must objectively evaluate the manuscripts based only on their originality, significance, and relevance to the domains of the journal.
- Reviewers must notify the Editor in Chief of any conflicts of interest.
Principles of Transparency
1. Peer review process: JChPE is a double-blind peer reviewed electronic and print quarterly publication concerned with all aspects of environmental science and management. This process, as well as any policies related to the journal’s peer review procedures, is clearly described on the journal’s Web site (https://jchpe.ut.ac.ir/journal/process).
It is worthy to mention that the following criteria are considered at the time of selection of reviewers and receiving their review:
- The judgments should be objective.
- Reviewers should have no conflict of interest.
- Reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited.
- Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.
2. Governing Body: JChPE has a very strong editorial board, whose members are recognized experts in the subject areas included within the journal’s scope. The full names and affiliations of the journal’s editors are provided on the journal’s Web site (https://jchpe.ut.ac.ir/journal/editorial.board).
3. Contact information: Journal is provided the contact information for the editorial office of JChPE (https://jchpe.ut.ac.ir/journal/contact.us).
4. Author fees / Access: The Journal database is fully open access and full text of published articles are available for everyone who can get access to the Journal website free of cost. Besides, the authors never pay any charges for submission, article processing and publication.
5. Copyright: Journals made clear the type of copyright under which authors work will be published. Upon acceptance of manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'. JChPE has no charges either for the article processing or article submission.
6. Identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct: Editor-in-Chief takes reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others.
7. Website: A journal’s Website (https://jchpe.ut.ac.ir/) contains that care has been taken to ensure high ethical and professional standards.
8. Name of journal: The Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering (JChPE) has a unique name that cannot be easily confused with another journal.
9. Conflicts of interest: Authors are requested to evident whether impending conflicts do or do not exist while submitting their articles to JChPE through the Conflict-of-Interest Disclosure form.
10. Publishing schedule: It has been mentioned in the main page of Journal that the Frequency is Semiannual.
11. Archiving: The archives of all published issues are accessible at journal official site (https://jchpe.ut.ac.ir/)
Violation of Publication Ethics
- Plagiarism: Plagiarism is intentionally using someone else’s ideas or other original material as if they are one's own. Copying even one sentence from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered by JChPE Journals as plagiarism. All manuscripts under review or published with JChPE are subject to screening using plagiarism prevention software. Thus, plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. The development of CrossCheck is a service that helps editors to verify the originality of papers. CrossCheck is powered by the Ithenticate software from iParadigms, known in the academic community as providers of Turnitin. For a searchable list of all journals in the CrossCheck database, please visit: www.ithenticate.com/search
- Data Fabrication and Falsification: Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not really carry out the study, but made-up data or results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but manipulated, changed, or omitted data or results from the research findings.
- Simultaneous Submission: Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript (or substantial sections from a manuscript) is submitted to a journal when it is already under consideration by another journal.
- Duplicate Publication: Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and conclusions.
- Redundant Publications: Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles, most often consequent to the desire to plump academic vitae.
- Improper Author Contribution or Attribution: All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. Don’t forget to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.
- Citation Manipulation: Citation Manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal. This leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears and is thus a form of scientific misconduct.
- Sanctions: In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal, the following sanctions will be applied: (i) Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, (ii)Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript, (iii) Prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 36 months against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, and (iv) Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal.
Handling Cases of Misconduct
Once JCHPE confirms a violation against JChPE’s publication ethics, JChPE addresses ethical concerns diligently following an issue-specific standard practice as summarized below.
- The first action of the journal Editor is to inform the Editorial Office of JChPE by supplying copies of the relevant material and a draft letter to the corresponding author asking for an explanation in a nonjudgmental manner.
- If the author’s explanation is unacceptable and it seems that serious unethical conduct has taken place, the matter is referred to the Publication Committee via Editorial Office. After deliberation, the Committee will decide whether the case is sufficiently serious to warrant a ban on future submissions.
- If the infraction is less severe, the Editor, upon the advice of the Publication Committee, sends the author a letter of reprimand and reminds the author of JChPE publication policies; if the manuscript has been published, the Editor may request the author to publish an apology in the journal to correct the record.
- Notification will be sent to corresponding author and any work by the author responsible for the violation or any work these persons coauthored that is under review by JChPE will be rejected immediately.
- The authors are prohibited from serving on JChPE editorial board and serving as a reviewer for JChPE Journal. JChPE reserves the right to take more actions.
- In extreme cases, notifications will be sent to the affiliations of the authors and the authors are prohibited from submitting their work to JChPE for 5 years.
- In serious cases of fraud that result in retraction of the article, a retraction notice will be published in the journal and will be linked to the article in the online version. The online version will also be marked “retracted” with the retraction date.