Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium for the Ternary Systems of Solvent+ m/o/p-Cresol+Water: Thermodynamic Modeling

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Energy, Kermanshah University of Technology, Kermanshah, Iran


In this study, NRTL and UNIQUAC thermodynamic models were used to predict the composition of ternary mixtures of solvents+ m/o/p-cresol+ water in organic and aqueous phases. Various solvents are used for the separation of cresols from water. In this study, methyl propyl ketone, methyl isopropyl ketone, methyl butyl ketone, and methyl isobutyl ketone solvents were investigated. Intermolecular interaction parameters were considered to be a function of temperature. The binary interaction parameters of water and cresols (m, o, or p) in the presence of each type of solvent were considered to be the same. Also, regardless of the type of cresol (m, o, or p), the parameters of binary interaction between water and each solvents were considered to be the same. The results proved the accuracy of the presented models, though the parameters of binary interaction parameters were considered to be the same. The root mean square deviation for NRTL and UNIQUAC models was 0.0086 and 0.0089, respectively.


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