Analysis of Changes on Mean Particle Size in a Fluidized Bed using Vibration Signature

Document Type : Research Paper


Multiphase Systems Research Group, School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Vibration signals were measured in a lab-scale fluidized bed to investigate the changes in particle sizes. Experiments were carried out in the bed with a different mass fraction of coarser particles at different superficial gas velocities, and probe heights. The S-statistic test evaluates the dimensionless squared distance between two attractors reconstructed from time series of vibration signals. Values of parameters needed for the attractor reconstruction were derived from time series. These parameters consist of time delay, embedding dimension, bandwidth, and segment length with the values of 1, 35, (0.4-0.8), and (300-400), respectively. To reduce the sensitivity of the S-statistic to small changes in superficial gas velocities, the vibration signals were normalized in order to apply the attractor comparison test. The results showed that the attractor comparison can be a reliable technique for detecting particles size changes in fluidized beds even with small changes in the amount of coarser particles. The sensitivity of the method to particle size changes was decreased with an increase in superficial gas velocity. The results also show that the S-statistic test was almost independent of the measurement position of the vibration signals.


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