Low Temperature Catalytic Cracking of Heavy Feedstock Optimized by Response Surface Method

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Chemical Engineering Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-4838, Iran

2 Department of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Buein Zahra Technical University, Buein Zahra, Qazvin, P.O. Box 34517-45346, Iran

Abstract

Upgrading of cracked PFO (Pyrolysis fuel oil) for production of fuels, such as gasoline and light gasoil, was carried out in a semi batch reactor. Two different kinds of mesoporous and microporous catalysts, MCM-41 and ZSM-5, were used. Modification methods, such as ion exchange and impregnation with Fe and Ti, were done for tuning the acidity of the catalyst. XRD, FT-IR, and XRF analyzes were used to identify the structure and composition of the catalysts. Among the catalysts used in low temperature catalytic cracking of cracked PFO in a moderate temperature (380 °C), 3%Ti/H-MCM-41 showed the best catalytic performance. After choosing the best catalyst, an experimental design was carried out using response surface method with a five-level central composite design model. The effect of 3 main parameters, i.e. reaction temperature (360-400 °C), catalyst to feed ratio (0.04-0.1), and loading of Ti (0-5%) were investigated on liquid productivity and light olefin production. Design Expert software was used to maximize the sum of liquid yield and olefins in the gas. The best catalyst is 2.5%Ti/H-MCM-41. In optimum, 380 °C with the ratio of 0.1 g/g catalyst to feed over 2.5%Ti/H-MCM-41, the wt.% of liquid, gas, and solid products are 80 wt. %, 10 wt. %, and 10 wt. %, respectively. At this condition, 26 wt. % of liquid product was in the range of gasoline (C5-C10) and the rest (i.e. C11+) was considered in the range of light gas oil. Light olefins of the obtained gas products were about 2.74 wt. %.

Keywords


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