Evaluation of the Effect of Nonionic Surfactants and TBAC on Surface Tension of CO2 Gas Hydrate

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran


Given that most of the gaseous constituents of industrial chimneys are usually carbon dioxide which is one of the most important greenhouse gases. It seems that the hydration process is one of the newest methods for the separation of this gas from gaseous mixtures. In the gas hydrate formation industry, in addition to disadvantages, there are some advantages such as gas separation, transmission, and storage. Therefore, it is important to determine the appropriate promoter for the formation of gaseous hydrates as well as to find the inhibitor. In this study, the effect of tetra-n-butyl ammonium chloride (TBAC) (which is a thermodynamics promoter) and alkyl poly glucoside (APG) as a nonionic surfactant on the surface tension of carbon dioxide hydrate formation process have been studied. The experiments were carried out in a 218 cm3 batch reactor. The surface tension of CO2 hydrate has been determined at different concentrations and different temperatures and pressures. The nucleation classical theory has been used for this purpose. Designing the experiments performed by Design-Expert software. The results show that increasing the APG and temperature leads to decreasing the surface tension and in contrast, induction time decreases, and the experimental model of the effect of these parameters on surface tension presented as R2 = 0.9898.


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