Identification of Water Production Mechanism in One of Iran’s Oil Fields and Treat it With Gel Injection

Document Type : Research Paper


Petroleum Engineering, Sahand Oil & Gas Research Institute, Petroleum and natural gas Engineering Faculty of Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran


In this study, the problem of water production in one of Iran's oil reservoirs will be examined. First, using the flow rate diagram of oil and water production, the problem of water production will be examined according to time. Then, after confirming the occurrence of water production problem, the mechanism of water production will be investigated using Chan diagnostic diagrams and the created sector model. The results of this study indicate that firstly, the problem of water production in the well under study is observed, and secondly, according to the Decline-curve analysis diagrams, Recovery plot, Chan derivative diagram and schematic shape of the fluid flow movement, it shows the mechanism. Water production is a channel flow process under water injection.
A gel treatment at early time with 25% of water cut was studied, for that it was modelled a gel treatment after 500 days of production.The main observation is that by increasing the concentration of injected gel, the rate of oil production increases and the rate of water production decreases. The concentration evaluated concentration was from 0 to 100 (lb/bbl) of solution, a stabilization concentration was not observed. Finally, first by identifying the type of water production mechanism for this reservoir in Iran, it has been determined that it has water production through the canal and then by using a simulation of gel injection, the water production rate has decreased and the oil production rate has increased.


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Volume 55, Issue 2
December 2021
Pages 223-242
  • Receive Date: 19 October 2020
  • Revise Date: 17 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 14 February 2021
  • First Publish Date: 06 July 2021