Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
Chemical Engineering Departement,Oil and petrochemical faculty, Razi University
Department of Chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch
This paper investigates the effects of Fe/Ni ratio (0.5-2) and polyvinyl alcohol to total metal ratio (PVA/ (Ni + Fe) =0.5-1.5) on the performance of bimetallic(Ni-Fe) catalyst in dry reforming of methane. The activity, stability and H2/CO ratio of the catalysts are tested. The effects of both metal ratio and shell factor on the catalyst performance have been studied. The nickel-ferrite catalysts were prepared by sol-gel method. Shell factor is employed for controlling the size of the particles. The samples were characterized by XRD, BET, SEM, and TGA. The catalysts were tested at 800˚C in the microreactor with a feed ratio of CH4/CO2=1/1. The catalyst prepared with Fe/Ni=2 and PVA/ (Ni + Fe) = 0.5 ratio shows the best activity, and stability with 30 h time on stream. It can be attributed to NiFe2O4 as only available phase after calcination and smaller crystal size at the optimum values of Fe/Ni and PVA/ (Ni + Fe) ratio.