Experimental Study and Modeling of Mass Transfer Flux of CO2 Absorption with Amine Solution in Bubble Column

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

School of Chemical, Petroleum, and Gas Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran

Abstract

In this study, the effective parameters in mass transfer in the process of gas absorption in the bubble column by amine solvents have been investigated. Also, the aim of this study is to present a general and accurate correlation with the least simplifying assumptions to calculate the mass transfer flux of gas phase to liquid phase components in three electrolyte systems MDEA-Pz, MEA-Pz, and MEA-MDEA. The effect of parameters on mass transfer such as retention time, apparent gas velocity, liquid phase properties, operating conditions, type of distributor, and bubble characteristics was analyzed. Effective parameters were expressed to achieve functional correlations using dimensionless numbers by using the pi-Buckingham theorem. The correlation coefficients for MDEA-Pz, MEA-Pz, and MDEA-MEA were obtained at 0.951, 0.981, and 0.924, respectively. The mean relative error obtained from predicting the mass transfer flux correlation for all three MDEA-Pz, MEA-Pz, and MDEA-MEA amine combination systems was 3.6, 4.5, and 4.8%, respectively. The results showed that the proposed correlations for mass transfer flux compared to other correlations have high accuracy.

Keywords


  1. Pashaei H, Zarandi MN, Ghaemi A. Experimental study and modeling of CO2 absorption into diethanolamine solutions using stirrer bubble column. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2017 May 1;121:32-43.
  2. Bougie F, Iliuta MC. CO2 absorption in aqueous piperazine solutions: experimental study and modeling. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data. 2011 Apr 14;56(4):1547-54.
  3. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Nasiri M. Modeling and experimental study on the solubility and mass transfer of CO 2 into aqueous DEA solution using a stirrer bubble column. RSC advances. 2016;6(109):108075-92.
  4. Samipoor Giri M, Akbari M, Shariaty-Niassar M, Bakhtiari A. A Comparative Survey of Modeling Absorption Tower Using Mixed Amines. Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. 2011 Jun 1;45(1):57-70.
  5. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Nasiri M. Experimental investigation of CO2 removal using Piperazine solution in a stirrer bubble column. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2017 Aug 1;63:226-40.
  6. Heydarifard M, Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Nasiri M. Reactive absorption of CO2 into Piperazine aqueous solution in a stirrer bubble column: Modeling and experimental. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2018 Dec 1;79:91-116.
  7. Conway W, Bruggink S, Beyad Y, Luo W, Melián-Cabrera I, Puxty G, Feron P. CO2 absorption into aqueous amine blended solutions containing monoethanolamine (MEA), N, N-dimethylethanolamine (DMEA), N, N-diethylethanolamine (DEEA) and 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP) for post-combustion capture processes. Chemical Engineering Science. 2015 Apr 14;126:446-54.
  8. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Nasiri M, Heydarifard M. Experimental investigation of the effect of nano heavy metal oxide particles in Piperazine solution on CO2 absorption using a stirrer bubble column. Energy & Fuels. 2018 Feb 15;32(2):2037-52.
  9. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Nasiri M, Karami B. Experimental modeling and optimization of CO2 absorption into piperazine solutions using RSM-CCD methodology. ACS omega. 2020 Apr 8;5(15):8432-48.
  10. Bougie F, Iliuta MC. CO2 absorption into mixed aqueous solutions of 2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1, 3-propanediol and piperazine. Industrial & engineering chemistry research. 2010 Feb 3;49(3):1150-9.
  11. Chen X. Carbon dioxide thermodynamics, kinetics, and mass transfer in aqueous piperazine derivatives and other amines (Doctoral dissertation).
  12. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A. CO2 absorption into aqueous diethanolamine solution with nano heavy metal oxide particles using stirrer bubble column: Hydrodynamics and mass transfer. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2020 Oct 1;8(5):104110.
  13. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Behroozi AH, Mashhadimoslem H. Hydrodynamic and mass transfer parameters for CO2 absorption into amine solutions and its blend with nano heavy metal oxides using a bubble column. Separation Science and Technology. 2022 Mar 4;57(4):555-70.
  14. Ghaemi A. Mass transfer modeling of CO2 absorption into blended MDEA-MEA solution. Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. 2020 Jun 1;54(1):111-28.
  15. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A. Review of CO2 capture using absorption and adsorption technologies. Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (IJCCE). 2021 Nov 28.
  16. Frailie PT. Modeling of carbon dioxide absorption/stripping by aqueous methyldiethanolamine/piperazine (Doctoral dissertation).
  17. Fashi F, Ghaemi A, Moradi P. Piperazine‐modified activated alumina as a novel promising candidate for CO2 capture: experimental and modeling. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology. 2019 Feb;9(1):37-51.
  18. Amiri M, Shahhosseini S, Ghaemi A. Optimization of CO2 capture process from simulated flue gas by dry regenerable alkali metal carbonate based adsorbent using response surface methodology. Energy & Fuels. 2017 May 18;31(5):5286-96.
  19. Maneshdavi S, Peyghambarzadeh SM, Sayyahi S, Azizi S. Solubility of CO2 in Aqueous Solutions of Diethanolamine (DEA) and Choline Chloride. Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. 2020 Jun 1;54(1):57-72.
  20. Akita K, Yoshida F. Gas holdup and volumetric mass transfer coefficient in bubble columns. Effects of liquid properties. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development. 1973 Jan;12(1):76-80.
  21. Fair, J., Designing gas-sparged reactors. Chem. Eng, 1967. 74(14): 67-74.
  22. Deckwer WD, Serpemen Y, Ralek M, Schmidt B. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in the slurry phase on manganese/iron catalysts. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development. 1982 Apr;21(2):222-31.
  23. Luo X, Lee DJ, Lau R, Yang G, Fan LS. Maximum stable bubble size and gas holdup in high‐pressure slurry bubble columns. AIChE journal. 1999 Apr;45(4):665-80.
  24. Öztürk SS, Schumpe A, Deckwer WD. Organic liquids in a bubble column: holdups and mass transfer coefficients. AIChE journal. 1987 Sep;33(9):1473-80.
  25. Nakanoh M, Yoshida F. Gas absorption by Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids in a bubble column. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development. 1980 Jan;19(1):190-5.
  26. Hikita H, Asai S, Tanigawa K, Segawa K, Kitao M. The volumetric liquid-phase mass transfer coefficient in bubble columns. The chemical engineering journal. 1981 Dec 1;22(1):61-9.
  27. Hallensleben, J., Simultaner Stoffaustausch von CO2 und Sauerstoff an Einzelblasen und in Blasenschwärmen. 1980: Universität Hannover.
  28. Hoornstra R. The distribution of gas—side and liquid—side resistance in the absorption of chlorine into benzene in a wetted-wall column. The Chemical Engineering Journal. 1977 Jan 1;13(2):191-200.
  29. Krishna R, van Baten JM, Baur R. Highlighting the origins and consequences of thermodynamic non-idealities in mixture separations using zeolites and metal-organic frameworks. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 2018 Sep 1;267:274-92.
  30. Krishna R, Van Baten JM. Mass transfer in bubble columns. Catalysis today. 2003 Apr 30;79:67-75.
  31. Kantarci N, Borak F, Ulgen KO. Bubble column reactors. Process biochemistry. 2005 Jun 1;40(7):2263-83.
  32. Maalej S, Benadda B, Otterbein M. Interfacial area and volumetric mass transfer coefficient in a bubble reactor at elevated pressures. Chemical Engineering Science. 2003 Jun 1;58(11):2365-76.
  33. Verma AK, Rai S. Studies on surface to bulk ionic mass transfer in bubble column. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2003 Jul 15;94(1):67-72.
  34. Pashaei H, Ghaemi A, Nasiri M. Modeling and experimental study on the solubility and mass transfer of CO 2 into aqueous DEA solution using a stirrer bubble column. RSC advances. 2016;6(109):108075-92.
  35. Rollbusch P, Bothe M, Becker M, Ludwig M, Grünewald M, Schlüter M, Franke R. Bubble columns operated under industrially relevant conditions–current understanding of design parameters. Chemical Engineering Science. 2015 Apr 14;126:660-78.
  36. Joshi JB, Shah YT. Invited review hydrodynamic and mixing models for bubble column reactors. Chemical Engineering Communications. 1981 Jul 1;11(1-3):165-99.
  37. Akbarzad N, Ghaemi A, Rezakazemi M. Optimization and modeling of carbon dioxide absorption into blended sulfolane and piperazine aqueous solution in a stirrer reactor. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2022 May;19(5):4047-68.
  38. Etemad E, Ghaemi A, Shirvani M. Rigorous correlation for CO2 mass transfer flux in reactive absorption processes. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2015 Nov 1;42:288-95.
  39. Ghaemi A, Jafari Z, Etema E. Prediction of CO2 mass transfer flux in aqueous amine solutions using artificial neural networks. Iran. J. Chem. Chem. Eng. Research Article Vol. 2020;39(4).
  40. Karbalaei Mohammad N, Ghaemi A, Tahvildari K, Sharif AA. Experimental investigation and modeling of CO2 adsorption using modified activated carbon. Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (IJCCE). 2020 Feb 1;39(1):177-92.
  41. Rastegar Z, Ghaemi A. CO2 absorption into potassium hydroxide aqueous solution: experimental and modeling. Heat and Mass Transfer. 2022 Mar;58(3):365-81.
  42. Ramezanipour Penchah H, Ghaemi A, Jafari F. Piperazine-modified activated carbon as a novel adsorbent for CO2 capture: modeling and characterization. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2022 Jan;29(4):5134-43.
  43. Norouzbahari S, Shahhosseini S, Ghaemi A. Modeling of CO2 loading in aqueous solutions of piperazine: Application of an enhanced artificial neural network algorithm. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 2015 May 1;24:18-25.
  44. Norouzbahari S, Shahhosseini S, Ghaemi A. CO2 chemical absorption into aqueous solutions of piperazine: modeling of kinetics and mass transfer rate. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 2015 Sep 1;26:1059-67.
  45. Mirzaei F, Ghaemi A. An experimental correlation for mass transfer flux of CO2 reactive absorption into aqueous MEA‐PZ blended solution. Asia‐Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2018 Nov;13(6):e2250.
  46. MOHSENI A, GHAEMI A. Experimental Modeling of CO2 Absorption into Monoethanolamine Amine Using Response Surface Methodology.
  47. Mirzaei F, Ghaemi A. Mass Transfer Modeling of CO2 Absorption into Blended Aqueous MDEA–PZ Solution. Iranian Journal of Oil and Gas Science and Technology. 2020 Jul 1;9(3):77-101.
  48. Khajeh Amiri M, Ghaemi A, Arjomandi H. Experimental, Kinetics and Isotherm Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Adsorption with 13X Zeolite in a fixed bed column. Iranian Journal of Chemical Engineering (IJChE). 2019 Mar 1;16(1):54-64.
  49. Saeidi M, Ghaemi A, Tahvildari K. CO2 capture exploration on potassium hydroxide employing response surface methodology, isotherm and kinetic models. Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (IJCCE). 2020 Oct 1;39(5):255-67.
  50. Mashhadimoslem H, Vafaeinia M, Safarzadeh M, Ghaemi A, Fathalian F, Maleki A. Development of predictive models for activated carbon synthesis from different biomass for CO2 adsorption using artificial neural networks. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2021 Sep 20;60(38):13950-66.
  51. Mohammad NK, Ghaemi A, Tahvildari K. Hydroxide modified activated alumina as an adsorbent for CO2 adsorption: experimental and modeling. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2019 Sep 1;88:24-37.
  52. Kazemi S, Ghaemi A, Tahvildari K, Derakhshi P. Chemical absorption of carbon dioxide into aqueous piperazine solutions using a stirred reactor. Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (IJCCE). 2020 Aug 1;39(4):253-67.
  53. Sherman BJ, Ciftja AF, Rochelle GT. Thermodynamic and mass transfer modeling of carbon dioxide absorption into aqueous 2-piperidineethanol. Chemical Engineering Science. 2016 Oct 22;153:295-307.
  54. Mandal BP, Guha M, Biswas AK, Bandyopadhyay SS. Removal of carbon dioxide by absorption in mixed amines: modelling of absorption in aqueous MDEA/MEA and AMP/MEA solutions. Chemical engineering science. 2001 Nov 1;56(21-22):6217-24.
  55. Dashti A, Raji M, Razmi A, Rezaei N, Zendehboudi S, Asghari M. Efficient hybrid modeling of CO2 absorption in aqueous solution of piperazine: Applications to energy and environment. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2019 Apr 1;144:405-17.
  56. Edali M, Idem R, Aboudheir A. 1D and 2D absorption-rate/kinetic modeling and simulation of carbon dioxide absorption into mixed aqueous solutions of MDEA and PZ in a laminar jet apparatus. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2010 Mar 1;4(2):143-51.
  57. Conway W, Wang X, Fernandes D, Burns R, Lawrance G, Puxty G, Maeder M. Comprehensive kinetic and thermodynamic study of the reactions of CO2 (aq) and HCO3–with monoethanolamine (MEA) in aqueous solution. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2011 Dec 22;115(50):14340-9.
  58. Samanta A, Bandyopadhyay SS. Absorption of carbon dioxide into piperazine activated aqueous N-methyldiethanolamine. Chemical engineering journal. 2011 Jul 15;171(3):734-41.
Volume 56, Issue 2
December 2022
Pages 215-231
  • Receive Date: 17 July 2022
  • Revise Date: 17 August 2022
  • Accept Date: 17 August 2022
  • First Publish Date: 10 September 2022