Carbon Dioxide Capture by Modified UVM-7 Adsorbent

Document Type: paper

Authors

1 Faculty of Caspian, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Guilan, Iran

2 Gas Research Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Polytechnique Montreal, Québec, Canada

4 Faculty of chemistry, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In this study, bimodal meso-porous silica (UVM-7) synthesized and fabricated amino silane modified supports were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption/desorption, transmission electron microscope (TEM), elemental analysis and titration. Capacity of CO2 capture on modified bimodal pore structure silica at 70°C was calculated using breakthrough curves; and it was found that the modified UVM-7 captured more CO2 than unmodified UVM-7 and pore structure of UVM-7 make it suitable for loading large molecules such as tri-amino silanes. The adsorbents modified with tri-amino silane showed the largest capacity. Dynamic and kinetic of adsorption were investigated by mathematical models in order to prediction of adsorption behavior. Yoon Nelson model was successfully employed to describe the adsorption breakthrough curves of CO2 and Avrami model applied as a kinetic model and was in good agreement with experimental data in comparison with two other kinetic models including Lagergen’s pseudo-first and pseudo-second order models.

Keywords


[1] Song, C. (2006). "Global challenges and strategies for control, conversion and utilization of co2 for sustainable development involving energy, catalysis, adsorption and chemical processing." Catal. Today, Vol. 115, No. 1–4, pp. 2-32.

[2] Aaron, D. and Tsouris, C. (2005). "Separation of co2 from flue gas: A review." Sep. Sci. Technol., Vol. 40, No. 1-3, pp. 321-348.

[3] Choi, S., Drese, J.H. and Jones, C.W. (2009). "Adsorbent materials for carbon dioxide capture from large anthropogenic point sources." Chem Sus Chem, Vol. 2, No. 9, pp. 796-854.

[4] Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A. (eds.) (2007).Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.

[5] Steeneveldt, R., Berger, B. and Torp, T.A. (2006). "Co2 capture and storage: Closing the knowing-doing gap." Chem. Eng. Res. Des., Vol. 84, No. 9, pp. 739-763.

[6] Chu, S. (2009). "Carbon capture and sequestration." Science, Vol. 325, No. 5948, pp. 1599-1599.

[7] Gough, C. (2008). "State of the art in carbon dioxide capture and storage in the UK: An experts’ review." Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 155-168.

[8] Figueroa, J.D., Fout, T., Plasynski, S., McIlvried, H. and Srivastava, R.D. (2008). "Advances in co2 capture technology—the u.S. Department of energy's carbon sequestration program." Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 9-20.

[9] Goeppert, A., Czaun, M., Surya Prakash, G.K. and Olah, G.A. (2012). "Air as the renewable carbon source of the future: An overview of co2 capture from the atmosphere." Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 5, No. 7, pp. 7833-7853.

[10] Pennline, H.W., Luebke, D.R., Jones, K.L., Myers, C.R., Morsi, B.I., Heintz, Y.J. and Ilconich, J.B. (2008). "Progress in carbon dioxide capture and separation research for gasification-based power generation point sources." Fuel Process. Technol., Vol. 89, No. 9, pp. 897-907.

[11] Sjostrom, S. and Krutka, H. (2010). "Evaluation of solid sorbents as a retrofit technology for co2 capture." Fuel, Vol. 89, No. 6, pp. 1298-1306.

[12] Ebner, A.D. and Ritter, J.A. (2009). "State-of-the-art adsorption and membrane separation processes for carbon dioxide production from carbon dioxide emitting industries." Sep. Sci. Technol., Vol. 44, No. 6, pp. 1273-1421.

[13] Zhao, Y., Ding, H. and Zhong, Q. (2012). "Preparation and characterization of aminated graphite oxide for co2 capture." Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 258, No. 10, pp. 4301-4307.

[14] Dasgupta, S., Nanoti, A., Gupta, P., Jena, D., Goswami, A.N. and Garg, M.O. (2009). "Carbon dioxide removal with mesoporous adsorbents in a single column pressure swing adsorber." Sep. Sci. Technol., Vol. 44, No. 16, pp. 3973-3983.

[15] Huerta, L., Guillem, C., Latorre, J., Beltrán, A., Martínez-Máñez, R., Marcos, M. D., Beltrán, D., Amorós, P. (2006). "Bases for the synthesis of nanoparticulate silica with bimodal hierarchical porosity." Solid State Sci., Vol. 8, No.8, pp. 940–951.

[16] Sayari, A., Belmabkhout, Y. and Serna-Guerrero, R. (2011). "Flue gas treatment via CO2 adsorption." Chem. Eng. J., Vol. 171, No. 3, pp. 760-774.

[17] Serna-Guerrero, R. andSayari, A. (2010). "Modeling adsorption of CO2 on amine-functionalized mesoporous silica. 2: Kinetics and breakthrough curves." Chem. Eng. J., Vol. 161, No.1-2, pp.182-190.

[18] Sing, K. S. W. (1985). "Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems with special reference to the determination of surface area and porosity (Recommendations 1984)." Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 57, No.4, pp. 603-619.

[19] Hu, Q., Li, J. J., Hao, Z. P., Li, L. D. and Qiao, S. Z. (2009). "Dynamic adsorption of volatile organic compounds on organofunctionalized SBA-15 materials." Chem. Eng. J., Vol. 149, No.1-3, pp. 281-288. 102 Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Vol. 48, No.2, Dec. 2014.

[20] Samanta, A., Zhao A., Shimizu, G. K. H., Sarkar, P., and Gupta, R. (2011). "Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Using Solid Sorbents: A Review." Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Vol. 51, No.4, pp. 1438-1463.

[21] Azizian, S. (2004). "Kinetic models of sorption: a theoretical analysis." J. Colloid InterfaceSci., Vol. 276, No.1, pp. 47–52.